A Guide to Job Safety Analysis
Most construction and heavy industry projects inherently have a risk of injury. Risk cannot be entirely eliminated but it can be reduced and controlled using standard procedures and good work practices. When you are doing a job, you can always accept that there will be risks involved. You need to ask the question of how much risk you and your employees are willing to accept.
There is no daily task without risks involved. Exposure determines that amount of risk. It is the probability of something bad happening and the severity of the outcome. There are daily risks to every decision we make. You need to understand the risk and be willing to accept it.
Management should function to control risk. Management can use helpful tools to understand risk and control it. The common tool used for understanding and controlling risk is the job safety analysis.
Risk has to be controlled by the people doing the work and their immediate supervisors. It is important to make sure that all who need to be involved are given an opportunity to be involved and are kept informed of developments that might increase the risks and change the measures needed to deal with them, in both the planning and execution of a task.
Hazards are known by workers but they are not reported. Existing hazards are known by workers which was found out during incident investigations. The don’t report it because they think that it is normal and that risk was acceptable. How, then, can workers help reduce risk.
One of the things that complicates communication of risk on a construction site is the fact that each person’s perception of risk and level of risk tolerance is different. The job safety analysis is a tool used to improve and document the communication process and ensure mutual understanding of risks and controls by all the people involved.
In the risk management process, job safety analysis is very important especially is the heavy industry. It is a management tool used to reduce the level of risk to the lowest possible acceptable level by allowing all members of a team to interact and develop a common understanding of the task, procedures and hazards associated with completing the task.
Depending on the kind of perception of the job safety analysis as a planning tool by the ones completing it, the quality of information on the document and the level of input by workers involved is affected.
Willingness of employees to communicate and control risk is influenced by the amount of trust given to individuals and internal power relations. Communication can be influenced by other personal factors including personal experience, risk assessment, and individual perception of a particular risk with respect to other people on the team or in the area. Ultimately, the goal is to finish the project on time and under budget with nobody getting hurt.